Small Business Taxes: Who Pays What?

By admin Jun 26, 2023 #bank #credit #loan

As a small business owner, understanding the intricacies of taxes is crucial to managing your finances effectively. Small business taxes play a significant role in determining your company’s profitability and compliance with legal obligations. In this article, we will explore the different aspects of small business taxes, including who pays what, so you can stay informed and make informed decisions for your business.

Types of Small Business Taxes

Small business taxes encompass various types, and it’s essential to have a clear understanding of each one. Here are the most common types of taxes that small businesses are required to pay:

Income Taxes

Income taxes are levied on the profits earned by your small business. As a business owner, you are responsible for reporting your income and paying taxes on it. The tax rate for small businesses varies depending on the business structure you have chosen, such as sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation.

Self-Employment Taxes

If you operate your small business as a sole proprietorship, you are considered self-employed. As a self-employed individual, you are responsible for paying self-employment taxes, which consist of Social Security and Medicare taxes. These taxes ensure that self-employed individuals contribute to these benefit programs, just like traditionally employed individuals.

Employment Taxes

If your small business has employees, you are required to withhold and pay employment taxes on their behalf. Employment taxes include federal income tax withholding, Social Security tax, and Medicare tax. It’s crucial to accurately calculate and remit these taxes to ensure compliance with the law.

Sales Taxes

Depending on your location and the nature of your business, you may be required to collect and remit sales taxes. Sales taxes are imposed on the sale of goods and services and are typically levied at the state or local level. It’s important to understand the specific sales tax requirements in your jurisdiction to avoid penalties or fines.

Excise Taxes

Certain industries and activities are subject to excise taxes. Excise taxes are typically imposed on specific goods or services, such as gasoline, alcohol, tobacco, or luxury items. If your small business engages in activities that attract excise taxes, it’s crucial to understand the applicable rates and regulations.

Also Read: How to Choose The Best and Most Cost-Effective Tax Accounting Software?

Determining Who Pays What

The responsibility for paying different types of small business taxes varies depending on your business structure. Let’s take a closer look at who pays what based on common business entities:

Sole Proprietorship

As a sole proprietor, you are personally responsible for all taxes related to your business. This includes income taxes, self-employment taxes, and any other applicable taxes.


In a partnership, each partner is responsible for paying taxes based on their share of the partnership’s profits. The partnership itself does not pay income taxes. Instead, each partner reports their share of the partnership’s income on their individual tax returns.


A corporation is a separate legal entity, and it is responsible for paying its own income taxes. The shareholders of the corporation are not personally liable for the corporate income tax. However, if the corporation distributes profits to shareholders in the form of dividends, the shareholders may be subject to individual income taxes on those dividends.


Understanding and managing small business taxes is crucial for the financial success and compliance of your business. By staying informed about the various types of taxes, consulting with a qualified tax professional or CPA accounting firm, and fulfilling your tax obligations accurately and on time, you can ensure that your business remains on solid financial footing. Stay proactive, keep accurate records, and leverage the expertise of professionals to navigate the intricacies of small business taxes effectively. Remember, compliance with tax laws is key to the long-term growth and profitability of your small business.

Remember, it’s important to stay informed about taxes and make sure you comply with all applicable laws. Seeking advice from a tax professional is recommended to address specific tax concerns related to your business.

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